The presentation focuses on inter-generational transmission of memory as factor influencing aspects of ethnic identity, the role of memories to adapt in the space of two ethnic identities. The experience of memory transitions between generations in exile and identity formation of the second generation of exiles from Latvia to Sweden at the end of the II WW will be discussed. Video interviews with Latvian-Swedish respondents, born at the end of 40-ies and beginning of fifties the last century were conducted. In difference from their parents who went to exile because of the occupation and war the second generation was born out of their fatherland. Their connection with Latvia was shaping through their parents’ stories and memories. What role has parents’ experiences for the children’s historical consciousness? The second generation, have not experience of these events, but lived in connection with it. In what way do they relate to, manage and negotiate their parents’ history in interaction with their own story of growing up as children of exiled? How we understand, use and reproduce history is an important issue, not only for the science of history, but also for society at large.